Northern Arizona State University Online Degrees
– An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students on affluent realization of a course of examination in sophisticated education, usually at a college or university. These institutions commonly find the money for degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor’s, masters and doctorates, often closely supplementary academic certificates and professional degrees. The most common undergraduate degree is the bachelor’s degree, although in some countries lower qualifications are titled degrees (e.g. join degrees in the US or start degrees in the UK) even though in others a higher-level first degree is more usual.
The doctorate (Latin: doceo I teach) appeared in medieval Europe as a license to tutor (Latin: licentia docendi) at a medieval university. Its roots can be traced to the into the future church similar to the term “doctor” referred to the Apostles, church fathers and new Christian authorities who taught and interpreted the Bible. The right to succeed to a licentia docendi was originally reserved to the church which required the applicant to pass a test, to say yes oath of loyalty and pay a fee. The Third Council of the Lateran of 1179 guaranteed the right of entry now largely forgive of dogfight of all skilled applicants, who were, however, still tested for facility by the ecclesiastic scholastic. This right remained a bone of contention amongst the church authorities and the slowly emancipating universities, but was contracted by the Pope to the college circles of Paris in 1231 where it became a universal license to teach (licentia ubique docendi). However, though the licentia continued to sustain a well along prestige than the bachelor’s degree (Baccalaureus), it was ultimately reduced to an intermediate step to the Magister and doctorate, both of which now became the exclusive qualification for teaching. Northern Arizona State University Online Degrees
At the University, doctoral training was a form of apprenticeship to a guild. The acknowledged term of examination back extra teachers were admitted to the guild of “Master of Arts”, seven years, was the similar as the term of apprenticeship for new occupations. Originally the terms “master” and “doctor” were synonymous, but exceeding epoch the doctorate came to be regarded as a sophisticated qualification than the master degree.
Today the terms “master”, “Doctor” (from the Latin meaning literally: “teacher”) and “Professor” signify rotate levels of academic achievement, but in the Medieval academe they were equivalent terms, the use of them in the degree name mammal a matter of custom at a university. (Most universities conferred the Master of Arts, although the highest degree was often termed Master of Theology/Divinity or Doctor of Theology/Divinity depending on the place).
The out of date doctoral degrees (theology Divinitatis Doctor (D.D.), feint Legum Doctor (LL.D., forward-looking D.C.L.) and medicine Medicin Doctor (M.D., D.M.)) reflected the historical isolation of all vanguard university laboratory analysis into these three fields. greater than time, the D.D. has gradually become less common external theology and is now mostly used for honorary degrees, in the manner of the title “Doctor of Theology” instinctive used more often for earned degrees. Studies external theology, feint and medicine were later called “philosophy”, due to the Renaissance conviction that real knowledge could be derived from empirical observation. The degree title of Doctor of Philosophy is a much difficult mature and was not introduced in England previously 1900. Studies in what in imitation of was called philosophy are now classified as sciences and humanities.
The academe of Bologna in Italy, regarded as the oldest university in Europe, was the first institution to confer the degree of Doctor in Civil pretense in the late 12th century; it after that conferred similar degrees in further subjects, including medicine.
The academe of Paris used the term “master” for its graduates, a practice adopted by the English universities of Oxford and Cambridge, as without difficulty as the ancient Scottish universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh.
Northern Arizona State University Online Degrees
Universities and community colleges award degrees at shifting levels, from associate’s degrees to doctoral degrees. next comparing alternative degrees, students can regard as being which program best fits their career goals and academic interests.
There are four major categories of degrees welcoming for postsecondary students: associate, bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees. Earning one of these degrees can give a positive response 2-8 years, depending upon the level of the degree and showground of study. Graduate-level programs may require students to conclusive one or more undergraduate programs prior to enrollment.
Associate-level programs give alternating degrees for a variety of careers. These 2-year programs may come up with the money for the necessary training to prepare students for entry-level positions in fields like nursing, graphic design and other vocational areas. connect degree programs are most commonly approachable from community colleges and highbrow schools.
Completing an associate degree program may qualify former students to enter the workforce. Transferable associate degree programs lid the general education requirements needed to continue a student’s education at a 4-year university. The most common degrees understandable at the belong to level total the following:
- Associate of Arts (A.A.)
- Associate of Science (A.S.)
- Associate of Applied Science (AAS)
A bachelor’s degree program is an undergraduate program that usually takes four years to complete. Enrolling in a bachelor’s degree program requires that students pick a major place of study, such as finance, history, communications or biology. graduates from a bachelor’s degree program are credited to ham it up in gain access to or management-level positions, depending on the field. Northern Arizona State University Online Degrees
A bachelor’s degree is next usually required for read into a graduate program. The different types of degrees to hand in a bachelor’s degree program total the following:
- Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
- Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
- Bachelor of fine Arts (BFA)
- Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)
Master’s degree programs are graduate programs that let students specialize in an place of study. They typically endure 1-2 years to complete. Along taking into account an undergraduate degree, enrolling in a master’s degree program usually requires a minimum GPA and an response score on a graduate retrieve exam, such as the Graduate scrap book testing (GRE). Many master’s degree programs require a thesis or capstone project for graduation. Northern Arizona State University Online Degrees
Earning a master’s degree may qualify former students to discharge duty in unbiased or executive-level positions. A master’s degree is then required for admittance into some doctoral programs. substitute degree programs handy at the master’s degree level complement the following:
- Master of Arts (M.A.)
- Master of Science (M.S.)
- Master of thing
- Administration (MBA)
- Master of fine Arts (MFA)
Doctoral degree programs, next known as Ph.D. programs, are the most open-minded type of degree program available. gate into a doctoral degree program may require individuals to sustain a master’s degree, although several programs accept candidates who without help support bachelor’s degrees. extra requirements to be trendy into these programs may add up submitting standardized test scores and sending in letters of recommendation.
Completing a Ph.D. program usually takes several years, and often involves the execution of a dissertation and a major research project. Medical-related doctoral programs may have students utter hands-on clinical hours bearing in mind genuine patients during the final years of the program. Northern Arizona State University Online Degrees
Ph.D. graduates are endorsed to feign as experts in areas of issue or research, and professors at the postsecondary level. Common types of doctoral degrees increase those listed below:
- Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
- Juris Doctor (J.D.)
- Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
- Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)
While there are many substitute learned level degree options, the four main degree levels attach associate, bachelors, masters, and doctorate.
Online Master’s Degree Programs Northern Arizona State University Online Degrees
AMU online master’s degree programs are ideal if you desire a more in-depth examination of your undergraduate degree or to pursue additional academic study in another field.
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You must have completed a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution in the past starting a master’s degree program at AMU. Master’s degrees range from 36 to 48 semester hours (about 12-15 courses) and culminate taking into consideration a thesis, capstone course, internship, or integrative practicum. Dual degree programs allow for completion of two master’s degrees within a compressed mature frame, and range from 60-69 semester hours (20-23 courses) of scrutiny afterward one culminating capstone experience.