University Of Penn State Online Degrees
– An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students on wealthy achievement of a course of study in sophisticated education, usually at a hypothetical or university. These institutions commonly present degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor’s, masters and doctorates, often contiguously extra academic certificates and professional degrees. The most common undergraduate degree is the bachelor’s degree, although in some countries humiliate qualifications are titled degrees (e.g. associate degrees in the US or establishment degrees in the UK) though in others a higher-level first degree is more usual.
The doctorate (Latin: doceo I teach) appeared in medieval Europe as a license to teach (Latin: licentia docendi) at a medieval university. Its roots can be traced to the to the lead church behind the term “doctor” referred to the Apostles, church fathers and new Christian authorities who taught and interpreted the Bible. The right to come to a licentia docendi was originally reserved to the church which required the applicant to pass a test, to receive oath of loyalty and pay a fee. The Third Council of the Lateran of 1179 guaranteed the admission now largely clear of case of all competent applicants, who were, however, still tested for facility by the ecclesiastic scholastic. This right remained a bone of contention between the church authorities and the slowly emancipating universities, but was decided by the Pope to the college circles of Paris in 1231 where it became a universal license to tutor (licentia ubique docendi). However, while the licentia continued to maintain a innovative prestige than the bachelor’s degree (Baccalaureus), it was ultimately shortened to an intermediate step to the Magister and doctorate, both of which now became the exclusive qualification for teaching. University Of Penn State Online Degrees
At the University, doctoral training was a form of apprenticeship to a guild. The usual term of laboratory analysis before new teachers were admitted to the guild of “Master of Arts”, seven years, was the same as the term of apprenticeship for additional occupations. Originally the terms “master” and “doctor” were synonymous, but exceeding become old the doctorate came to be regarded as a forward-thinking qualification than the master degree.
Today the terms “master”, “Doctor” (from the Latin meaning literally: “teacher”) and “Professor” signify oscillate levels of academic achievement, but in the Medieval academic world they were equivalent terms, the use of them in the degree proclaim innate a thing of custom at a university. (Most universities conferred the Master of Arts, although the highest degree was often termed Master of Theology/Divinity or Doctor of Theology/Divinity depending upon the place).
The early doctoral degrees (theology Divinitatis Doctor (D.D.), decree Legum Doctor (LL.D., later D.C.L.) and medicine Medicin Doctor (M.D., D.M.)) reflected the historical hostility of every forward-looking university psychoanalysis into these three fields. higher than time, the D.D. has gradually become less common uncovered theology and is now mostly used for honorary degrees, taking into consideration the title “Doctor of Theology” creature used more often for earned degrees. Studies outside theology, put on an act and medicine were subsequently called “philosophy”, due to the Renaissance conviction that real knowledge could be derived from empirical observation. The degree title of Doctor of Philosophy is a much unconventional times and was not introduced in England previously 1900. Studies in what behind was called philosophy are now classified as sciences and humanities.
The the academy of Bologna in Italy, regarded as the oldest academic circles in Europe, was the first institution to confer the degree of Doctor in Civil achievement in the tardy 12th century; it after that conferred same degrees in additional subjects, including medicine.
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The university circles of Paris used the term “master” for its graduates, a practice adopted by the English universities of Oxford and Cambridge, as skillfully as the ancient Scottish universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh.
University Of Penn State Online Degrees
Universities and community colleges rave review degrees at changing levels, from associate’s degrees to doctoral degrees. past comparing every second degrees, students can regard as being which program best fits their career goals and academic interests.
There are four major categories of degrees easy to get to for postsecondary students: associate, bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees. Earning one of these degrees can assume 2-8 years, depending on the level of the degree and auditorium of study. Graduate-level programs may require students to supreme one or more undergraduate programs prior to enrollment.
Associate-level programs present swap degrees for a variety of careers. These 2-year programs may allow the valuable training to prepare students for entry-level positions in fields past nursing, graphic design and extra vocational areas. link degree programs are most commonly comprehensible from community colleges and complex schools.
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Completing an link degree program may qualify graduates to enter the workforce. Transferable associate degree programs lid the general education requirements needed to continue a student’s education at a 4-year university. The most common degrees simple at the link level affix the following:
- Associate of Arts (A.A.)
- Associate of Science (A.S.)
- Associate of Applied Science (AAS)
A bachelor’s degree program is an undergraduate program that usually takes four years to complete. Enrolling in a bachelor’s degree program requires that students choose a major area of study, such as finance, history, communications or biology. former students from a bachelor’s degree program are approved to ham it up in admittance or management-level positions, depending on the field. University Of Penn State Online Degrees
A bachelor’s degree is after that usually required for edit into a graduate program. The exchange types of degrees easily reached in a bachelor’s degree program enhance the following:
- Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
- Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
- Bachelor of fine Arts (BFA)
- Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)
Master’s degree programs are graduate programs that allow students specialize in an area of study. They typically bow to 1-2 years to complete. Along in the same way as an undergraduate degree, enrolling in a master’s degree program usually requires a minimum GPA and an reaction score on a graduate way in exam, such as the Graduate record examination (GRE). Many master’s degree programs require a thesis or capstone project for graduation. University Of Penn State Online Degrees
Earning a master’s degree may qualify graduates to statute in modern or executive-level positions. A master’s degree is afterward required for admission into some doctoral programs. swap degree programs welcoming at the master’s degree level append the following:
- Master of Arts (M.A.)
- Master of Science (M.S.)
- Master of issue
- Administration (MBA)
- Master of good Arts (MFA)
Doctoral degree programs, in addition to known as Ph.D. programs, are the most objector type of degree program available. open into a doctoral degree program may require individuals to maintain a master’s degree, although several programs accept candidates who abandoned retain bachelor’s degrees. additional requirements to be accepted into these programs may total submitting standardized exam scores and sending in letters of recommendation.
Completing a Ph.D. program usually takes several years, and often involves the expertise of a dissertation and a major research project. Medical-related doctoral programs may have students total hands-on clinical hours next real patients during the unconditional years of the program. University Of Penn State Online Degrees
Ph.D. graduates are approved to feat as experts in areas of situation or research, and professors at the postsecondary level. Common types of doctoral degrees add up those listed below:
- Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
- Juris Doctor (J.D.)
- Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
- Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)
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While there are many every other scholarly level degree options, the four main degree levels intensify associate, bachelors, masters, and doctorate.
Online Master’s Degree Programs University Of Penn State Online Degrees
AMU online master’s degree programs are ideal if you desire a more in-depth scrutiny of your undergraduate degree or to pursue further academic psychotherapy in choice field.
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You must have completed a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution in the past starting a master’s degree program at AMU. Master’s degrees range from 36 to 48 semester hours (about 12-15 courses) and culminate past a thesis, capstone course, internship, or integrative practicum. Dual degree programs permit for exploit of two master’s degrees within a compressed era frame, and range from 60-69 semester hours (20-23 courses) of examination in imitation of one culminating capstone experience.